Research organisations

University of Turku, Turku School of Economics (TSE)

Contact details

Development Manager/Technology Industries
Antti Saurama
antti.saurama@utu.fi
+358-40-592 4921

Research team

Turku School of Economics (TSE) has an internationally established reputation as a highly respected business school, operating on a basis of high quality and relevant research. TSE makes research in wide range of business studies fields: accounting and finance, marketing, economics, information systems, management and organization, international business, operations & supply chain management etc. TSE has 300 employees.
Maritime-related research is carried out in several units and usually also between the units in project-based collaborative teams. These include groups from several units, including:

  • Centre for Collaborative Research (CCR)
  • International business
  • Marketing
  • Accounting
  • Pan-European Institute

TSE research projects combine scientific standards and research outputs with practical results. TSE works in close co-operation with companies and also foreign partners. As one part, CCR coordinates large, multi-partner project preparations and execution in the university level and with external partners.

Special expertise related to maritime research

Business and management research and analysis related to maritime industry in general.

Specific fields include especially

  1. Industrial value creation
  2. Innovation management
  3. Industry dynamics and trend analysis
  4. Business model renewal
  5. Activity-base costing, life-cycle and cost-benefit analyses
  6. Russian/arctic energy sector and policies

Ongoing research projects related to maritime sector

  1. Rebus, Relational business practices. Fimecc programme with 20 industry participants and 7 Finnish universities + 15 foreign universities. 2014-2018. TSE research focuses on maritime industry value creation and power in value chains.
  2. AAWA, Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Applications. Project is mainly funded by industrial companies and Tekes as part of the Arctic Seas program during 2015-2017. Several Finnish universities and companies.
  3. ReInRe, Renewal of manufacturing – Study on the role of pioneering firms as engines of industry renaissance. Investigation on how successful firms shape the renewal of manufacturing, specific focus on shipbuilding industries. Research project funded by Tekes 2015-2016.
  4. Suomen meriklusteri 2020/Finnish Maritime Cluster 2020. Cluster analysis of Finnish maritime industry and foresight for 2020. Project financed by Finnish Ministry of Employment and the Economy. 2015-2016.
  5. Company specific R&D-projects and analyses.


Turku School of Economics at the University of Turku, Operations and Supply Chain Management

Contact details

Doctoral Candidate Tuomas Kiiski
+358 50 3737 077
tuomas.kiiski@utu.fi
Professor Lauri Ojala
+358 50 502 70 31
lauri.ojala@utu.fi

Research team

Professor Lauri Ojala, Ph.D. Tomi Solakivi, M.Sc. Tuomas Kiiski

Special expertise related to maritime research

Arctic Shipping economics, port economics

Ongoing research projects related to maritime sector

  • PhD study, initiated in spring 2013: “Profitability of Arctic Shipping along the Northern Sea Route”. Study aims to build a novel holistic understanding regarding the commercial prospects of Arctic shipping along the Northern Sea Route. To be published by spring 2016.
  • Ongoing research: “The cost of ice: estimating the cost premium and economies of scale of ice-classed vessels”. To be published in a yet undisclosed journal by the end of 2016.
  • Lead Partner of an approved EU funded project “HAZARD” addressed to mitigate emergencies and accidents in major seaports in the Baltic Sea Region, budget  4.4+ M€ for spring 2016- spring 2019.


University of Turku, Brahea Centre, Center of Maritime Studies

Contact details

Esa Hämäläinen, Professor, Research Director
esa.hamalainen@utu.fi
+358 400538291Tapio Karvonen, Senior Researcher
tapio.karvonen@utu.fi
+358 2 333 8160, +358 40 779 9482

Research team

185 experts specialists in whole Brahea Centre in four sub-units

Special expertise related to maritime research

  • Port-related studies; environmental impacts and regulations, measuring
  • ICT and logistics
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Customer Relation Management
  • Impacts of SECA and other emission control regulations to freight transportation from Finland to main markets
  • Various environmental issues and topics

Ongoing research projects related to maritime sector

  • Finnish Maritime Cluster 2020 report
  • Blact Carbon emissions from ships and business potential
  • Environmental issues at ports (two projects)
  • Oil price and maritime logistics, impacts to freight prices
  • Etc.

University of Turku, Technology Research Center (TRC)

Contact details

Senior Research Fellow Teijo Lehtonen, D.Sc. (Tech.)
teijo.lehtonen@utu.fi
+358 (0)44 440 0005

Research team

  • Technology Research Center (TRC) at the University of Turku is an internationally acclaimed research unit focusing on industry-relevant technology research with multidisciplinary nature.
  • TRC has currently over 70 employees, 16 of which with a PhD degree, with broad knowledge in the field of information and communication technologies.
  • The core staff is competent to work in research areas such as hardware and communications systems design, low- and high-level programming, and software engineering and development. We are fortunate to have key employees with both academic and industrial backgrounds.
  • Our research focused on the following areas: 1) Microelectronics, 2) Embedded and mixed reality systems, and 3) Biomedical and environmental ICT. Since nowadays most ICT related research challenges are inherently multidisciplinary, we do close co-operation with a wide range of industrial partners and researchers from different units of our home university and from domestic and international research organizations.

Special expertise related to maritime research

Our expertise comes from the application of various ICT technologies for the benefit of manufacturing and service industries, especially

  1. embedded system development methods
  2. gamification
  3. high-speed image content analysis
  4. microelectromechanical systems
  5. mixed reality applications
  6. sensor-processor systems
  7. wireless data communications

Ongoing research projects related to maritime sector

  1. MARIN2, Mobile Mixed Reality Applications for Professional Use (preceded By MARIN)
  2. PAMOWE, Parameters, monitoring and modeling of high power laser welding
  3. SensiLab, Development Laboratory and Innovation Service for industrial needs
  4. AAWA, Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Applications. Project it is mainly funded by industrial companies and Tekes as a part of the Arctic Seas program. Project budget is approx. 6,5 Me of which the research part is 2 Me. The research partners are Aalto University, Tampere University of Technology, University of Turku, VTT and Åbo Academy. Project schedule is 1.1.2015 – 30.6.2017.
  5. In addition, there are several ongoing preparations and applications under evaluation for both domestic and international (EU) research funding organizations.


 University of Turku, Faculty of Law

Contact details

Mika Viljanen, Senior Researcher, Faculty of Law
arisaa@utu.fi
+358 2 333 5529

Research team

Adjunct professor Mika Viljanen, Doctoral student Felix Collin, Doctoral student Sampo Viding, Doctoral student Anna Hurmerinta, Doctoral student Jutta Seppänen, Doctor of laws Matti Urho, Doctoral student Jaakko Salmine

Special expertise related to maritime research

Contract law, tort law, insurance law, environmental law

Ongoing research projects related to maritime sector

  • AAWA (Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Applications Initiative) is a joint industry-academia research project on autonomous ships. It develops both autonomous and remote operation for ship navigation, machinery and all onboard operating systems. The project was kicked off in March 2015 and continues until June 2017. Funding comes from private companies, public research institutions, and Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation. The total budget of the project is 6.5 MEUR.In shipping, private maritime law and insurance determines who is liable for damage caused by vessels. If autonomous vessels are introduced, the status quo is likely to change. In autonomous vessels, accidents will be increasingly caused by technical failures as the operator errors are eliminated. This disrupts the prior liability rule landscape, in particular when product liability is consider. In AAWA, the Faculty of Law of the University of Turku focuses on the eventual liability vessel manufacturers may have for defective autonomous vessels. Also the key insurance issues on this matter will be taken into account.
  • FIMECC REBUS is a pre-competitive research program carried out By FIMECC (Finnish Metals and Engineering Competence Cluster). Seven Finnish research institutions, over 20 companies, and almost 20 international collaboration universities participate in the program. The total program budget is over 24 M€ over a duration of three years (2014-2016). Funding comes from private companies, public research institutions, and Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation.The program consists of four sub-projects and one cross-sectional common research task, all addressing relational business practices. The Faculty of Law of the University of Turku participates in three of these sub-projects: Project Business Networks, Logistics Networks, and R&D Networks. The research team of the Faculty of Law aims to create a legal framework that will help enable networked business practices. The key focus of our research is contractual structures that best support the functioning of a network. Experts from the fields of contract law, maritime law, and commercial law are taking part in the research process.
  • BALEX is a legal competence cluster which aims at filling the current void in legal research and training on Baltic Sea issues. BALEX was established by the University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University in 2014.Research in this field will inevitably highlight the interaction and interdependency of different levels of norms (public international law, EU law, national, regional and local laws and regulations) throughout the whole range of legal disciplines, and with close links to related academic fields, such as political and administrative sciences, economics, logistics etc. The aim of BALEX is to:
    • carry out high quality legal research in matters that are of relevance for – and common to – the Baltic Sea region,
    • offer interdisciplinary academic training programmes for students, including tailor-made courses on legislation and governance in the region and, in the longer run, possibly summer schools or postgraduate programs in Baltic Sea law
    • provide vocational training for lawyers, civil servants and officials in the Baltic Sea region, and
    • organise guest-lectures, conferences and workshops on topical themes.


Åbo Akademi, BALEX (Baltic Sea Legal Studies)

Contact details

Henrik Ringbom, Öhbergsvägen 21, AX-22100 Mariehamn
henrik.ringbom@abo.fi
Tel.: +358 40 763 1071

Research team

Not fixed, varies from one project to another.

Special expertise related to maritime research

Maritime law, law of the sea, international environmental law, EU law, law-making and shipping policy in EU and IMO

Ongoing research projects related to maritime sector

AAWA (unmanned ships, TEKES), Implementation of international transport conventions in Finland (Finnish Ministry of Transport), Relational Businesses in Logistics (REBUS) (TEKES), Implementation and of sulphur in fuel requirements in Finland/EU, Multilevel regulation in the Baltic Sea (Suomen Akatemia)


 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Marine Research Unit

Contact details

Dr. Jari Haapala, Head of Marine Research
Finnish Meteorogical Institute
Erik Palmenin Aukio 1
P.O. Box 503
FI-00101 Helsinki
+358 40 757 36 21
jari.haapala@fmi.fi

Research team

The Marine Research Unit at the FMI is responsible for physical oceanography and sea ice research in Finland. The Unit aims to monitor and examine ocean and sea-ice processes in the Baltic Sea and in the polar oceans, and to understand how they interact with the climate. This research creates the foundation that is necessary for developing and improving forecasts and operative models and services, leading to safer sea transports in the Baltic and helping to prevent damage to the environment. The Marine Research Unit consists of three groups focusing on polar oceanography and sea ice, operational oceanography and air-sea interaction.http://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/marine-research

Special expertise related to maritime research

Expertise of the FMI include development of marine observational systems, understanding variability and changes in the polar oceans, development of ice-ocean numerical models, development of operational oceanography modelling systems and remote sensing methods.


Finnish Meteorological Institute, Atmospheric Composition Research, Marine Research

Contact details

Dr Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen,
Atmospheric Composition Research
Finnish Meteorological Institute
P.O. Box 503, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland.
jukka-pekka.jalkanen@fmi.fi
Mobile +358 50 919 5455, Fax +358 29 539 5403

Research team

  • Ship emissions: Dr Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen
  • Chemical transport modeling: Prof Jaakko Kukkonen, Dr Ari Karppinen, Dr Mikhail Sofiev
  • Aerosol Research, especially PM chemical composition: Prof Risto Hillamo, Dr Hilkka Timonen, Dr Sanna Saarikoski
  • SOx compliance monitoring: Dr Heikki Lihavainen, Dr Tuomas Laurila, Dr Tapani Stipa
  • Air quality measurements: Dr Jari Walden, Dr Hannele Hakola
  • Sea ice research, remote sensing, sea ice modeling: Dr Jari Haapala, Dr Eero Rinne, Dr Mikko Lensu
  • Marine research, waves, ocean and trajectory modeling: Dr Laura Tuomi, Dr Heidi Pettersson, Dr Pekka Alenius, Dr Antti Kangas
  • Ice services: Dr Jouni Vainio

Special expertise related to maritime research

  • Environmental impact assessments
  • Cost/benefit analysis
  • Human exposure to air pollutants
  • Transport policy support
  • Greenhouse gas inventories for shipping
  • Observations and modeling of physical state of the seas and atmosphere
  • Chemical transport modeling
  • Air quality and emission measurements
  • SOx compliance monitoring
  • Ice navigation and ship performance
  • Aerosol chemical composition measurements

Ongoing research projects related to maritime sector

KAMON – Kara-Arctic Monitoring and Operation Planning Platform
SHEBA – Sustainable sHipping and Environment of the BAltic Sea region
HERE – Health relevant and energy efficient regulation of exhaust particle emissions
ShipNOEm – Annual Baltic Sea ship emission reporting for the HELCOM member states
SEA EFFECTS BC – Shipping Emissions in the Arctic (Black Carbon)
MACEB – Mitigate ArctiC warming by rEducing Black carbon
STORMWINDS – Strategic and operational risk management for wintertime maritime transportation system
ANTLOAD – Variation of Antarctic sea ice thickness and its effect on the load level of ice navigating
VORIC – Vessel Operations and Routing in Ice Conditions
HARDCORE – Harnessing Coastal Radars for Environmental Monitoring Purposes
è  10 other applications pending


Aalto University, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering

Contact details

Professor Pentti Kujala
pentti.kujala@aalto.fi
+358 400878145

Research team

Marine Technology

Special expertise related to maritime research

Holistic safety modeling, Advanced structural modeling, strength and comfort, vibrations, high strength steel and new structural solutions, Energy efficiency, sustainable solutions, hydrodynamics, Cruise and Ferry conceptual development and design, Arctic technology

Ongoing research projects related to maritime sector

A number of TEKES, FIMECC, Academy of Finland, Lloyds Register Foundation , EU funded projects: VORIC, ARAJÄÄ, KAMON, CEARCTIC, STORMWINDS, FIDIPRO, ANTLOAD; MANU, BSA….